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Fig. 1 | Cell Communication and Signaling

Fig. 1

From: PIWI-interacting RNAs and PIWI proteins in glioma: molecular pathogenesis and role as biomarkers

Fig. 1

Biogenesis pathway of Drosophila piRNAs, showing the primary and ping-pong pathways. In the primary pathway, piRNAs are transcribed from genomic regions called piRNA clusters, processed, and loaded onto Piwi or Aub. The 3′-UTR sequences of some protein-coding genes can also serve as a source of primary piRNAs. Gene silencing takes place both in the cytoplasm and the nucleus (also see Fig.3). Piwi performs transcriptional gene silencing in the nucleus. Together with AGO3, the Aub–piRNA complex serves as a trigger to start the ping-pong amplification pathway. The ping-pong pathway silences the expression of the target transposon sequence and amplifies the piRNA sequence at the same time. Note that some Aub–piRNA complexes are also maternally inherited. Abbreviations: piRNA,PIWI-interacting RNA; UTR, untranslated region

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