Heat Shock Protein 70 (HSP70) induces cytotoxicity of T-helper cells
© Figueiredo et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2009
Published: 26 February 2009
Stress-inducible heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) has gained plenty of attention because of its potent adjuvant capability to induce antigen-specific CD8+ cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) and CD4+ T-helper cell (Th1) responses. In this study, we investigated the behavior of T-cell subsets stimulated with endotoxin-free recombinant HSP70 with respect to proliferation, cytokine expression, cytotoxicity against allogeneic B-lymphoblastoid cell line (B-LCL) and K562 cells as well as target-independent cytotoxicity.
CD4+ cells exhibited a strong increase in proliferation after stimulation with HSP70, with rates of up to 29%. In the presence of target cells, a 35-fold up-regulation of granzyme B mRNA was observed after stimulation of CD4+ T-helper cells with HSP70 in combination with IL-7, -12 and -15. The target cell-independent secretion of granzyme B by CD4+ cells was greatly augmented after stimulation with HSP70 plus IL-2 or IL-7, -12 and -15.
In this study, we have shown that HSP70 is capable of inducing a cytotoxic response of T-helper cells in the absence of LPS or any other PAMPs. The granzyme B secretion and the cytolytic activity of CD4+ T cells is induced in a target-independent way, whereas the cytotoxic activity of CD3+ and CD8+ T cells can be further enhanced in the presence of the target cells. Our data provide novel insights into the role of extracellular HSP70 on T-cell immune response concerning the induction of target-independent T-helper cell cytotoxicity.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.