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  • Meeting abstract
  • Open Access

Modulatory function of PI3-kinase γ in nociceptive neurons

  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 1,
  • 2,
  • 3,
  • 2,
  • 3 and
  • 1
Cell Communication and Signaling20097 (Suppl 1) :A108

https://doi.org/10.1186/1478-811X-7-S1-A108

  • Published:

Keywords

  • Dorsal Root Ganglion
  • Primary Sensory Neuron
  • Nociceptive Behavior
  • Dorsal Root Ganglion Culture
  • Cell Specific Function

Phosphoinositid 3-Kinase γ (PI3Kγ), the only known member of class Ib PI3K's, is activated by G-Protein coupled receptors (GPCRs), producing the second messenger phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate (PIP3). In addition, PI3Kγ possesses an intrinsic protein kinase activity and might express a scaffold function in the signaling network of different cells. PI3Kγ is expressed in hematopoietic cells acting as a main mediator of proliferation, differentiation, migration and survival of leukocytes. Recent studies expand these well-established cell specific functions of PI3Kγ to other cell types like cardiomyocytes. In heart PI3Kγ exhibits a negative regulatory function on the contractility by controlling the intracellular cAMP-level in concert with Phosphodiesterase 3B (PDE3B).

In the present study we describe for the first time PI3Kγ expression and functional pattern in cell types of neuronal origin. PI3Kγ-protein is expressed in small diameter neurons of dorsal root ganglia (DRG), which form widely unmyelinated C-fibers into the body's periphery. These primary sensory neurons exhibit nociceptive functions and can lead to a slow, dull and long lasting pain perception. These neurons are heavily involved in the processes of neuropathic and inflammatory pain accompanied by molecular modifications in the interplay of extra- and intracellular milieus – the playground of PI3Kγ.

Now we take advantage of the PI3Kγ-knockout mice to evaluate the impact of PI3Kγ in behavioral studies and primary dorsal root ganglia cultures. Analysis of nociceptive behaviors and studies on DRG-cultures suggest an involvement of the signaling protein in the μ-opioid-receptor path. An important regulation of the opioid-receptor system is the sensitization and desensitization of the receptors. Effects of different μ-receptor-agonists point to a differential involvement of PI3Kγ in antinociceptive signaling in primary sensory neurons.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Center of Molecular Biomedicine, Institute of Molecular Cell Biology, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Jena, Germany
(2)
Medical School, Institute of Physiology I, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Jena, Germany
(3)
Center of Molecular Biomedicine, Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biophysics, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Jena, Germany

Copyright

© König et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2009

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd.

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